America's Test Kitchen Swiss Chard and Kale Gratin (Ep 2106)
Swiss Chard and Kale Gratin
SERVES 8 TO 10
WHY THIS RECIPE WORKS: For a creamy, rich green gratin with a crisp, flavorful bread-crumb topping, we started with a mixture of kale and Swiss chard. Sturdy kale kept the gratin fluffy and tall; Swiss chard collapsed when cooked, but its plentiful tender stems added bulk. Steaming the greens in a Dutch oven cooked them quickly and eliminated the need for blanching or sautéing in multiple batches. To keep the gratin from being liquid-y or sogging out the crumb topping, we kept the amount of cream to 1 cup, just enough to give the dish a silky richness. For a craggy, crisp, and flavorful topping, we used rustic bread, pulsed to a coarse texture in a food processor, along with Parmesan and garlic.
2 pounds Swiss chard
1 pound curly kale, stemmed and cut into 1-inch-wide strips
2 garlic cloves, peeled
4 ounces rustic white bread, cut into ¾-inch cubes (3 cups)
5 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil, divided
2 ounces Parmesan cheese, grated (1 cup)
¾ teaspoon table salt, divided
½ teaspoon pepper, divided
1 onion, chopped coarse
1½ teaspoons minced fresh thyme
1 cup heavy cream
⅛ teaspoon ground nutmeg
- Adjust oven rack to upper-middle position and heat oven to 375 degrees. Stem chard, then cut stems into 2-inch lengths and set aside. Slice leaves into 1-inch-wide strips. Bring 2 cups water to boil in Dutch oven over high heat. Add kale, cover, and reduce heat to medium-high. Cook until kale is wilted, about 5 minutes, stirring halfway through cooking. Add chard leaves, cover, and continue to cook until chard is wilted, about 4 minutes longer, stirring halfway through cooking. Transfer to colander set in sink and let drain. (Do not wash pot.)
- Pulse garlic in food processor until coarsely chopped, 5 to 7 pulses. Add bread and 3 tablespoons oil and pulse until largest crumbs are smaller than ¼ inch (most will be much smaller), 8 to 10 pulses. Add Parmesan, ¼ teaspoon salt, and ¼ teaspoon pepper and pulse to combine. Transfer to bowl.
- Add onion and chard stems to now-empty processor and process until finely chopped, scraping down sides of bowl as needed, 20 to 30 seconds. Transfer to now-empty pot. Add thyme, remaining 2 tablespoons oil, remaining ½ teaspoon salt, and remaining ¼ teaspoon pepper. Cook over medium-high heat, stirring occasionally, until moisture has evaporated and mixture is just beginning to brown, 8 to 10 minutes.
- Using spatula, press gently on greens in colander to remove excess moisture. Transfer greens to pot with onion mixture. Add cream and nutmeg and stir to combine. Transfer mixture to 13 by 9-inch baking dish. Sprinkle bread-crumb mixture evenly over surface. Bake until topping is golden brown and filling bubbles around edges, 20 to 25 minutes. Let cool for 10 minutes before serving.
- TO MAKE AHEAD: Filling and bread-crumb topping can be refrigerated in separate airtight containers for up to 24 hours. Increase baking time by 5 to 10 minutes.
Photo Credit: Carl Tremblay