One in 5 LGBT adults has avoided medical care for fear of discrimination, according to a recent survey, and 80 percent of physicians surveyed say they feel “not competent” to treat LGBT patients.
One in 5 LGBT adults has avoided medical care for fear of discrimination, according to a recent survey, and 80 percent of physicians surveyed say they feel “not competent” to treat LGBT patients.
Journalist Will Hunt is fascinated with the world below us: “Every manhole, every doorway, every stairway going down into the dark [feels] like a potential portal into this like separate world.”
A cruise ship broke loose from its moorings, along with seven other vessels, and ended up wedged underneath a bridge connecting Albany and Rensselaer, N.Y.
The deal would open the government through Feb. 15 and provide back pay for federal workers. The breakthrough comes as federal employees missed a second paycheck and airports reported major delays.
Browder endured nearly three years on Rikers, most of it in solitary confinement, awaiting trial that never happened. He committed suicide in 2015. His death led to nationwide criminal justice reform.
Food assistance in the form of SNAP benefits came early this month owing to the shutdown. But in Pennsylvania, recipients are spending the benefits quickly, and there may be no new funds for February.
As Latin music was fading from popular culture, a blend of Caribbean rhythms going by the name salsa got a new generation dancing.
When their 13-year-old brother (Case Walker) becomes a YouTube star, directionless New Yorkers Brooke (Heléne Yorke) and Cary (Drew Tarver) reluctantly find themselves drawn into his entourage.
James Jackson admitted he was driven by a plan to murder scores of black men to spark a nationwide race war. It’s the state’s first conviction of first-degree murder as an act of terrorism.
The Lithuanian-born director, poet, archivist and critic, who died Wednesday, not only made dozens of experimental films — he helped carve a place for countless other filmmakers to do the same.
Three men and a 16-year-old youth have been arrested and authorities say 20 weapons and three improvised explosive devices have been seized. The alleged target was Islamberg, outside Rochester.
Relief pitcher Mariano Rivera’s unanimous selection is an honor that eluded the game’s greats such as Babe Ruth, Ted Williams and Willie Mays.
In a long public career, Wofford played a key role in JFK’s election, marched along side Rev. Martin Luther King, and led AmeriCorps.
Depending on how narrowly or broadly the court rules, it has a majority now to affect gun rights and restrictions in a dramatic way.
Many residents of the Queensbridge public housing development feel they have not benefited much from the area’s booming development. With Amazon, activists are trying to change that story.
The storm is bringing snow, ice, freezing rain and arctic air to much of the East Coast.
The Kutztown, Pa., Borough Police Department was overwhelmed with volunteers after turning to Facebook to ask for help with its sobriety test training.
Emily Sprague performs three quiet, delicate songs in the NPR Music offices with help from members of New York’s Epoch collective.
The New York band’s punchy horn section, bluesy vocals and uniquely transformative harmonica solos instantly demand attention.
A study also finds that the unauthorized population from Mexico has declined by 1.3 million people since 2010.
After they reach a certain number of patients, doctors must receive approval from the federal government to prescribe Suboxone, a drug used in conjunction with other therapies to manage opioid addiction.
A federal judge in New York has issued the first ruling out of multiple lawsuits over a question about U.S. citizenship status. The ruling is expected to be appealed all the way to the Supreme Court.
Gillibrand joins a growing field of Democratic candidates, telling TV host Stephen Colbert on Tuesday that she is launching an exploratory committee and explaining why she has decided to run.
Pre-K and kindergarten teachers have a lot to do: teaching early literacy, numbers, interpersonal skills — and in some states, changing diapers.
In 2016, Maggie Rogers was attending class at New York University when super producer Pharrell sat in on a master class to critique the students’ work. Pharrell was blown away by Rogers’ song “Alaska.”
The backlog of more than 800,000 immigration cases awaiting hearings, which has grown almost 50 percent under the Trump administration, is forecast to grow even larger.
The policy makes good on Trump’s promise to peel back the requirement that employers offer contraception coverage at no cost. The rule is on hold in D.C. and the 13 states that challenged it.
Bernice Sandler died Saturday at the age of 90. She once told NPR she beams with pride at seeing female athletes walk “with their heads up and feeling like, ‘Yeah, I can handle this world.’ “
Will peace, love and music be back? One of the original organizers of the iconic 1969 event is putting together a new three-day festival, which will take place in August in upstate New York.
Thriller author Brad Meltzer and documentary producer Josh Mensch offer an intriguing look at a true-life, foiled plan that, had it succeeded, may have killed the American dream before it even began.
With the partial shutdown of the federal government in its third week, President Trump is, as we said, scheduled to address the nation from the Oval Office. We sent NPR’s Jeff Brady to the Pennsylvania Farm Show to find out how the shutdown is affecting people there.
NPR’s Audie Cornish speaks with Republican Rep. Brian Fitzpatrick of Pennsylvania, who broke ranks and voted with Democrats to keep the government open.
Democrats unveiled new legislation to enhance background checks on the eighth anniversary of the Tucson shooting that injured former Rep. Gabby Giffords, D-Ariz. But the gun lobby vows to oppose it.
Stiller’s seven-part Showtime series centers on the true story of two convicted murderers who used tools provided by a prison employee to break out of maximum security prison in 2015.
The Freelancers Hub in New York City opened in October, offering classes as well as tax and legal assistance for independent workers. It’s free, and the first of its kind in the country.
The annual unveiling on Thursday doubled as an opportunity for state officials to plug milk and other products of the struggling dairy industry.
Chelsea Football Club will pay Borussia Dortmund millions to acquire the 20-year-old U.S. national team standout and Pennsylvania native.
Letitia James says “it is the highest honor” to begin her time as the state’s top legal officer. She is the state’s first black attorney general and the first woman to be elected to that post.
With the Dow swinging up and down hundreds of points in a day, investors are feeling queasy. One economist says uncertainty in the stock markets may mean turbulence will continue in the new year.
The minimum wage will increase on or around January 1 in 20 states and 21 cities, impacting millions of American workers. Twenty-nine states will have set minimum wages above the federal level.
A Pennsylvania judge has ruled that Black Panther Mumia Abu-Jamal can appeal his 1982 conviction for killing Police Officer Daniel Faulkner.
Nutritional yeast isn’t a new health fad — in the 1920s, sales exploded due to the “Yeast for Health” campaign. But bad news about the candida strain affected all yeast, and it’s just now rebounding.
Utility company Con Edison says the light emanated from “a sustained electrical arc flash that was visible across a wide area.” Witnesses had many other ideas.
The New York City Council voted last week to honor hip-hop greats the Notorious B.I.G. and Wu-Tang Clan with streets named after them. LeRoy McCarthy, who led the effort, says it’s long overdue.
Jackie Hoffman grew up speaking what her mother called “kitchen Yiddish” — a few words here and there. Now, she’s dusting off the mama-loshen (mother tongue) for a production of the 1964 musical.
A Christmas Day battle at Fort Ticonderoga between Massachusetts and Pennsylvania regiments in the Continental Army has long been a mystery. Now, new documents detail what happened and why.
The two men are accused of being part of a vast government effort to transfer American trade, technology and defense secrets into Chinese hands, but are unlikely to face trial.
Weinstein’s legal team unsuccessfully attempted to throw out charges of rape and sexual assault. Allegations against Weinstein from a multitude of women boosted the #MeToo movement.
In 2015, Andrew Tarlow shifted three of his restaurants to a tip-free model, raising his employees’ wages and menu prices. This week, though, he switched back.
Faced with an ongoing investigation by the New York Attorney General, the foundation has agreed to dissolve under judicial supervision.
Tom Stoppard’s masterful comic romance plays out in two centuries at once, tripping lightly through subjects as diverse as sex and landscape gardening, academic ambition and the Second Law of Thermodynamics. A much-anticipated Broadway revival opens March 17.
A partnership between a mental health care provider and colleges is redefining emergency mental health care on campus – helping students get needed care without losing track of their academic goals.
The Holland Tunnel became the subject of a fervent petition to change which letters its holiday decorations should adorn. In what could be called a Christmas miracle, the Port Authority listened.
“In fact, we’re growing faster outside the [San Francisco] Bay Area than within it,” says Chief Financial Officer Ruth Porat, a senior vice president of both Google and its parent company, Alphabet.
About half of all teens say they’ve tried to cut back on their phone use. But one of the girls we spoke with says that’s hard when “it’s obviously designed to be addictive.”
When Harvey Weinstein was arrested, it was a landmark moment for the movement known as #MeToo. But the criminal case against the former movie mogul has not been the slam dunk many people expected.
When nearly two dozen gay men were arrested, put on trial, and eventually acquitted of sodomy in 1968, it demonstrated to the larger gay community that they could organize against police harassment.
Tom Barbash’s new novel is set in the famed Manhattan apartment house where Lennon spent the last year of his life — and where, in this telling, he befriends a washed-up talk show host and his son.
Director Barry Jenkins follows up Moonlight with this exquisite film adaptation of James Baldwin’s novel about the clash between love and racial injustice.
One study found a 1200% increase in arrests and attempted arrests across New York state from 2016 to 2017.
Berezin studied physics but, despairing of the job market in physics, she turned to the rapidly transforming computer industry. She invented the first truly computerized system for word processing.
Keri Blakinger spent nearly two years locked up on narcotics charges before becoming a journalist. “I’ve been so privileged in so many ways to end up with hope and second chances,” she says.
The Cleveland Orchestra announced on Wednesday afternoon that it has fired concertmaster William Preucil and principal trombonist Massimo La Rosa for multiple alleged incidents of sexual misconduct.
After harvest, New York apples can be stored for months in controlled atmosphere storage rooms where the temperature, oxygen, carbon dioxide, and humidity levels are adjusted to put them into hibernation.
U.S. Attorney Geoffrey S. Berman says the defendants “had a playbook to repatriate un-taxed money into the U.S. banking system.”
In some countries, doctors prescribe medical-grade heroin to patients with long-term addiction. Could it ever happen in New York? A new report from RAND Corporation outlines the pros and cons.
The VA motto, which is taken from Lincoln’s second inaugural speech, addresses veterans with the male pronoun. Some veterans want to change the wording to include women.
Obama told a New York audience that the notion of “having it all” is “a lie.” Many were delighted by the former first lady’s spontaneous candor.
Nexstar’s $4.1 billion deal to acquire Tribune Media’s 42 stations would give it a presence in New York, Los Angeles and Chicago. Even after shedding some stations, Nextar would exceed rival Sinclair.
Adjuncts teach most college courses in the U.S., but it’s a job fraught with insecurity and low pay. One adjunct with a particularly tough commute is hoping to foster a community among his colleagues.
The classic film about zombies — the Night of the Living Dead — has been restored by the Museum of Modern Art and is being screened around the world in it’s 50th anniversary year.
People who worked with Bush valued his character, manners and experience. That, they said, led him to be successful in managing the end of the Cold War — and current leaders could learn from that.
New York City police used social media to reunite an engagement ring with the couple (so far publicly unidentified) who dropped it in a grate in Times Square.
Three women have accused the astrophysicist of inappropriate behavior. One says she quit her job on his TV show “Cosmos” because of it.
George Herbert Walker Bush died Friday at the age of 94.
George W. Bush released a statement, saying for himself and his siblings, “Jeb, Neil, Marvin, Doro, and I are saddened to announce that after 94 remarkable years, our dear Dad has died.”
Harold Levy, the former head of New York City public schools, worked to give all students access to college. “Harold wanted to know us, he wanted to hear us,” one student says.
Food Business Pathways is a free course that gives low-income participants a leg up in turning their ideas into successful businesses through training, mentoring, access to services and space to sell.
Fearless Girl appeared across from the Charging Bull on the eve of International Women’s Day in 2017. It has now been removed and will be placed in front of the New York Stock Exchange.
A lawsuit alleging that Harvard discriminates against Asian-American applicants has brought affirmative action into the news. One group that’s paying attention? Asian-American high school seniors.
The event could give the U.S. its first champion since Bobby Fischer took the crown in 1972. New York native Fabiano Caruana will play world champion Magnus Carlsen.
The New York band’s new video for “The Closing Door” tells a sunny coming-of-age story.
Lu Guang, a resident of New York, was invited to the heavily controlled region of Xinjiang in October. His wife Xu Xiaoli says she last heard from him Nov. 3. and that national security took him away.
These metro areas saw the most dramatic turnarounds in this election from red to blue — and were responsible for Democrats taking back the House.
Park came to New York with his family when he was 7 years old. He’s a senior at Harvard working toward a degree in molecular and cellular biology with a minor in ethnicity, migration and rights.
Erick Castro’s Instagram account is spreading the gospel of an affordable plant-based diet, especially to lower-income residents of New York. Now, he’s got a vegan restaurant, too.
The lawsuit alleges that funds raised for the president’s charitable foundation were improperly used to support the 2016 presidential campaign.
Eleven House Democrats and five incoming freshmen have signed a letter committing to oppose Nancy Pelosi’s speakership bid on the House floor.
NPR’s Scott Simon reflects on Amazon’s plan to open a headquarters in New York. It has prompted an unlikely coalition to unite in opposition, because of tax breaks and subsidies the company will get.
Now, 46 years after it was shot, the Amazing Grace movie was finally shown in public for the first time Monday, with initial screenings in New York City and more on the way nationwide.
Douglass was a fierce critic of America, a radical patriot and an abolitionist who was formerly enslaved. A new biography sheds light on the lesser-known corners of his life.
Amazon is expected to divide its second headquarters between the Long Island City neighborhood in Queens and the Crystal City area in Northern Virginia, according to a person familiar with the plan.
Lee gave us over six decades’ worth of superheroes we could identify with, characters like Spider-Man and The Incredible Hulk, who reacted to superpowered crises in believably flawed, human ways.
Tweets by Gab, a social media site used by the suspect in the Pittsburgh synagogue shooting, show that the site’s new server host, Epik has been served a subpoena by the Pittsburgh Attorney General.
The surprising decision to divide the win is an anticlimactic ending for a much-hyped, Olympic-style search. The plan promised up to 50,000 new high-paying jobs and drew 238 bids.
While Democrats won control of the House, and Republicans expanded their majority in the Senate, many individual races remain too close to call.
Multiple women say the former N.Y. attorney general physically attacked them. A prosecutor says she believes the women but “legal impediments” preclude any charges. She’s proposed a legislative fix.
With solid wins by GOP candidates in states President Trump won handily in 2016, Senate Republicans maintain their majority in the chamber. Democrats are steadily picking up House seats.
Joaquín “El Chapo” Guzmán, the man accused of having run the world’s largest drug trafficking organization, was charged in a 17-count indictment that spans decades. Jury selection began Monday.
The play follows an essayist who pens what he thinks is one of his greatest stories, only to be met by the scrutiny of a zealous young fact checker, who writes him 90 pages of corrections.
Fred Rogers lived in Pittsburgh’s Squirrel Hill neighborhood while making his children’s television show, “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood.”
It’s hard to remember a world before Harry Potter. But it’s been 20 years since readers in the U.S. were first introduced to the boy wizard, whose story has captivated audiences since.
Politics, Facts and Civilty is a group of people, consisting of both Republicans and Democrats, that occasionally get together to have a civil conversation about political issues.
After a move to New York in the late ’60s, the clear-toned Fortune became a versatile fixture on the broad landscape of modern jazz.
Cesar Altieri Sayoc was arrested after more devices were found on Friday. Packages have been sent to at least 10 targets this week, all of whom are critics or opponents of President Trump.
It’s a prime example of “gentefication,” economic revival led by people with roots in the community. The cultural mix is a culinary celebration: African, Albanian, Caribbean, Italian, Latino and more.
In these videos, it’s black people calling the cops on white ones who are behaving in a socially irresponsible manner: They’re not voting.
Uber has helped create about 800 “virtual restaurants” in the U.S. — eateries that only exist online. Uber says its delivery service helps restaurants grow, but some in the industry see downsides.
The device was safely detonated by a bomb squad. The case has been handed over to the Joint Terrorism Task Force Division of the FBI.
The print, called Edmond de Belamy, is a blurry depiction of what could be a “a man of the church” floating within a gilt frame. In place of the artist’s signature is a math equation.
“The agency’s proposed definition would define sex as either male or female, unchangeable, and determined by the genitals that a person is born with,” The New York Times reported. Reaction was swift.
Glenn Close returns to the New York stage to portray a 15th-century peasant woman with a remarkable adolescent daughter she loves — and can’t protect.
The Rockefeller University Hospital says it was aware for several years that Dr. Reginald Archibald, who died in 2007, engaged in misconduct with one or more of his minor patients.
NPR has learned that the Justice Department issued subpoenas to at least six of the state’s eight dioceses seeking private files and records.
Jane Leavy tells the story of Ruth as the first baseball superstar — but also of his roles as movie star, vaudeville performer, barnstormer, pitchman for every conceivable product, and columnist.
Caroll Spinney, 84, has performed the roles since the show’s very first episode. “I will always be Big Bird,” he said. “And even Oscar, once in a while!”
Luzerne County voted for Barack Obama in back-to-back elections. In 2016, the county swung for Donald Trump — by double digits.
“A city of 8.6 million people — not a single shooting for three days,” Mayor Bill de Blasio said on Monday. The NYPD says it has been focusing on preventing retaliatory violence.
People who were born in the city and don’t identify as male or female can change the gender on their birth certificate to a third category of X, without acquiring approval from a physician.
Olympic sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos won gold and bronze at the 1968 Mexico City Olympics. Their raised-fist salute outraged many viewers — and still resonates today.
Sometimes discoveries derived from patients’ medical data become the foundation of new profit-making companies. A fledgling industry wants to help patients get a cut of the cash.
States are blocking foreign IP addresses from their election websites. But it won’t stop determined hackers and it could frustrate voters who live overseas.
In defiance of threats from the Justice Department, public health advocates in Philadelphia have launched a nonprofit to run a facility to allow people to use illegal drugs under medical supervision. It is the most concrete step yet the city has taken toward eventually opening a so-called supervised injection site.
New York State Police charged Nauman Hussain just days after an accident killed 20 people in New York. His father’s company has a record of failed inspections.
More than 70 New York City restaurants are pouring their discarded shells into the Billion Oyster Project, through which students recycle and transform them into healthy reefs in once-toxic waters.
In response to the transformation of views on sexual harassment, New York state and New York City passed laws requiring training of all workers. Now, business owners are scrambling to comply.
The stretch SUV that crashed outside Albany had recently failed a safety inspection, said Gov. Andrew Cuomo. Such modified vehicles often fall through the cracks of regulatory agencies.
The photos avoid war, destruction and poverty — and instead focus on the beauty and resilience of people who leave home in search of a better life.
The state attorney general’s office sued the Donald J. Trump Foundation in June, accusing it of repeatedly violating state and federal laws, but the foundation says the suit is politically motivated.
Is geography destiny? It goes against the core idea of the American dream, but a new online data tool says where you were born and raised actually makes a huge difference — down to the very block.
For years, Wigstock was a staple of New York City’s drag scene. And after a 17-year hiatus and a boom in drag’s popularity, the outdoor festival returned.
Scientists have detected plenty of planets outside our solar system. Now, they say, they’ve found the first moon circling one of them.
Watch Caleb Teicher tap his way through Bach’s Goldberg Variations with pianist Conrad Tao at the Steinway factory in New York.
Around New York and Pennsylvania, communities are learning their drinking water is polluted with a potentially harmful group of chemicals. The Trump Administration is working on a plan to manage them.
Ilya Vett, 47, said he was printing the gun for his brother who has a firearms license, according to police. Vett has been charged with attempted criminal possession of a firearm.
The nonprofit located in Brooklyn functions as performance space, record label and artist incubator. Despite its small size, it has a foundation with a $450,000 fund to develop new work.
As United Nations leaders gather in New York, top food and nutrition experts are convening for a forum to talk about how people around the globe can have both a nourished diet and a healthy planet.
Newly released data from the U.S. Census Bureau show Americans have spent an extra two and a half hours commuting last year compared to the year before.
U.S. Border Patrol agents are boarding buses and stopping cars from private lines like Greyhound and Concord Coach within 100 miles of a U.S. border, asking passengers if they’re American citizens.
BUFFALO, NY (WBFO) – For more than three decades, a South Carolina resident born in Buffalo sought the truth about his father’s identity. He had heard whispers for many years that it allegedly was a Catholic priest who served in Buffalo in the 1940.
The complaint, filed Tuesday, says 10 businesses prevented women from receiving employment opportunities on the website. It also accused Facebook of excluding women in its own company.
Under scrutiny by the New York attorney general, the co-working giant, which has 3,300 U.S. employees, got rid of legal language that restricted where former employees could work.
After a five-month investigation, the New York City orchestra took action against oboist Liang Wang and trumpeter Matthew Muckey over unspecified misconduct.
The primary battle between incumbent Gov. Andrew Cuomo and actress Cynthia Nixon had become a nasty feud, emblematic of the divergent and often warring forces within the Democratic Party.
A special task force of NYPD and New York Fire Department members are assisting in efforts to save people caught up in the wind and waters of Hurricane Florence. They left New York on Sept. 11.
American universities have created a consortium that offers temporary academic homes for refugee scholars threatened by war and authoritarian governments.
The president said the site of the crash in Shanksville, Pa., “is now a monument to American defiance … a message to the world America will never ever submit to tyranny.”
The storm gained winds of 140 mph — a day earlier than predicted, and it is expected to intensify as it crosses over water. Forecasters predict Florence will hit the Eastern Seaboard on Thursday.
The newly reconstructed WTC Cortlandt station opened on Saturday, just three days before the anniversary of the attack.
Joe Dittmar was in the World Trade Center on Sept. 11, 2001. In a StoryCorps interview last year, he vividly recounts what he saw that morning — and how he got home to his family.
The ACLU and other groups are scouring Guatemala to track down parents who were separated from their children in the United States and deported back home without them.
The attorneys general for both states have launched active investigations into abuse allegations. Last month, a grand jury report from Pennsylvania detailed abuse by more than 300 Catholic priests.
Written with more enthusiasm than literary panache, New York fashion photographer Bill Cunningham’s memoir, discovered after his death, is a charming ode to being true to oneself.
Ten people were taken off the plane for treatment at Jamaica Hospital, says Eric Phillips, press secretary for New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio. Others were being evaluated.
A prominent New York medical school has pulled back from electing students for a sought-after honor society, saying the award reinforces racial bias in medical education.
Inmates and staff at a a number of U.S. prisons have gotten sick recently, apparently due to exposure to illegal drugs. More than two dozen workers at Pennsylvania prisons became ill, prompting a lockdown of all the state’s prisons.
Seventeen people also have been sickened in an outbreak that federal officials say has been linked to Empire Kosher brand chicken.
Among the most prolific and influential choreographers of 20th century movement, his movements were often inspired by everyday people doing everyday things. He died Wednesday at age 88.
The case in Pennsylvania follows similar incidents in Ohio and Arkansas in which prison staff and inmates have been exposed to drugs, including fentanyl and K2.
Jared Kushner was CEO when New York says his real estate company filed false paperwork. A company owned by former Trump attorney Michael Cohen is also under scrutiny for allegedly falsifying permits.
Sen. Richard Russell, whose name is on the building, represented Georgia in the Senate for nearly four decades. Russell’s legislative accomplishments were many, but his legacy has a darker side.
The writer behind hits like The Odd Couple and Barefoot in the Park, known for his zany characters and comic dialogue, won over two dozen nominations for Tonys, Emmys and Oscars.
Born 100 years ago on Aug. 25, 1918, Bernstein was a larger-than-life character — on stage as a conductor, at the piano as a composer, on TV as an educator and in a sometimes tangled personal life.
The celebrated artist and his husband, Scott Walters, are accused of drugging and raping a young singer in Houston, Texas, in May 2010.
Professor Adam Pratt says removing the names following Pennsylvania’s report on clergy sex abuse is “part of a healing process … that we need to do as a community.”
The pontiff’s comments were in a letter penned nearly a week after a Pennsylvania grand jury report detailed decades of alleged child abuse and cover-ups. “We abandoned them,” Francis wrote.
New York University said the move was to address the high cost of entering a career in medicine. Most med students graduate in debt, which can often top $200,000.
Former priest James Faluszczak was one of many witnesses to testify before the grand jury about being abused by an Erie priest. He says when he told the bishop about it, he was “totally ignored.”
After days of silence and a barrage of criticism for failing to address the most recent priest sex abuse scandal, the Vatican speaks: “The Holy See condemns unequivocally the sexual abuse of minors.”
“The Trump Administration is pushing an unrealistic and mean spirited executive order,” New York City Mayor Bill de Blasio tweeted.
“The depravity of the abuse, I can’t even describe my reaction to that,” says James Faluszczak, one of many witnesses to testify about being abused by a priest.
Director Crystal Moselle stumbled upon a group of teenage skater girls on the New York City subway. Then she made a feature film that stars them.