Chantsal Vaanjir (second from left), 46, arrived in Ulaanbaatar in 2001 seeking a job. The former herder now works as a cleaner, living in the ger district with her three school-age children: Uyanga Chantsal (from left), 13; Altanshagai Dorjsuren, 6; and Bujin Chantsal, 11.

Chantsal Vaanjir (second from left), 46, arrived in Ulaanbaatar in 2001 seeking a job. The former herder now works as a cleaner, living in the ger district with her three school-age children: Uyanga Chantsal (from left), 13; Altanshagai Dorjsuren, 6; and Bujin Chantsal, 11.