# Concept of Number

Your pre-schooler will learn that the number “3” refers to three objects, such as his 3 fingers.

The most important topic your child learns in Pre-K is developing the concept of number.

You can help your child understand that number words refer to quantity. The number “1” refers to a single object – in this case, one balloon. The number “2” refers to two objects – two balloons. And the number “3” refers to three objects – three balloons.

Help your child to understand that the last word they state in counting tells “how many.” One… two… three… Three balloons!

By the end of Pre-K, your child will be able to count up to ten things arranged in a line and ten things arranged in a rectangular array. This is important because students will use this formation when learning to add and subtract.

Counting out is important, too. You child can “count out” a given number of objects. Ask, “Can you count out five stars?”

Practicing this concept of number at home will build a strong foundation for learning math. By doing this, you can help your child be the best counter in the whole neighborhood!

## Pre-Kindergarten Common Core Standards

#### Counting & Cardinality: Count to tell the number of objects.

(PK.CC.3) Understand the relationship between numbers and quantities to 10; connect counting to cardinality.

(PK.CC.4) Count to answer “how many?” questions about as many as 10 things arranged in a line, a rectangular array, or a circle, or as many as 5 things in a scattered configuration; given a number from 1-10, count out that many objects.