Multiplication Fluency


Your child’s introduction to multiplication is through repeated addition. He will draw an array to visualize, or see, five groups of four stars. He will count the stars and find the total.

As his understanding improves, he will skip count to find the total more efficiently. Your child will use a variety of visual models, to represent multiplication as he works toward developing multiplication fluency.

Fluency in third grade means knowing, from memory, all products of two one-digit numbers. This includes facts from zero times zero all the way up through nine times nine.

Then, your child will use these facts to develop the connection between multiplication and division. Knowing that five times four equals twenty is the first step in understanding that 20 stars, divided into five groups, equals four stars in each group. Or, twenty divided by five equals four.

Talk about the relationship between multiplication and division with your child. I know this… So I also know this! With lots of practice, your child will achieve fluency!

And that’s good to know.

This video addresses Common Core Grade 3 Standard Operations & Algebraic Thinking: Multiply and divide within 100.

(3.OA.7) Fluently multiply and divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication and division (e.g., knowing that 8 x 5 = 40, one knows 40 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers.