A store advertises discounts in Santa Monica, Calif., on July 28 amid the coronavirus pandemic. Economic growth data on Thursday are expected to show a record-setting figure for the third quarter, but that covers the more worrisome picture underneath the surface.

People shop while stores show signs of sales, in Santa Monica, California, on July 28, 2020, amid the coronavirus pandemic. (Photo by VALERIE MACON / AFP) (Photo by VALERIE MACON/AFP via Getty Images)