Once-redlined neighborhoods are more likely to have greater social vulnerability, meaning they’re less able to withstand natural and human disasters because of their more limited resources.

A house in the formerly redlined neighborehood of Church Hill North, Richmond, Virginia, Friday, October 16th, 2020. According to data obtained from the Not Even Past: Social Vulnerability and the Legacy of Redlining project, the average life expectancy in this part of Richmond is 66.8 years.