Redlining made it difficult, if not impossible, for communities of color and immigrants to buy or refinance. A lack of investment meant houses fell into disrepair.

A sidewalk in the formerly redlined neighborehood of Church Hill North, Richmond, Virginia, Friday, October 16th, 2020. According to data obtained from the Not Even Past: Social Vulnerability and the Legacy of Redlining project, the average life expectancy in this part of Richmond is 66.8 years.