Tallies, Charts, and Tape Diagrams in Summer Learning

Gathering data and figuring out what you know are important steps in solving a problem. But, how you organize all that information is just as important! We’ve gathered some simple, helpful resources to practice this skill with your child at home. What type of data would your child enjoy collecting? Perhaps he looks at shoes while at the grocery store and tallies how many people wear green, blue, or black shoes.

Modeling with a Tape Diagram

Tape diagrams are another visual strategy your child will learn to show addition and subtraction. If this strategy works well for your child, encourage her to use it when solving story problems! Remember RDWW? Read, draw, write a number sentence, and write an answer statement. Let’s solve the same addition problem we did when learning RDWW but use tape diagrams as our drawing instead!

Understanding Place Value

A very important concept your child learns in 1st Grade is place value. Let’s look at the number 13. What does 13 really mean? We can write 13 in a place value chart. Now we see that 13 is 1 ten and 3 ones.

1 Fact Family, 8 Number Sentences

Number bonds help your child “see” math facts and fact families. They can help show that the equals sign can be at the beginning or at the end of the number sentence! When the number bond looks like this, read it this way! Four plus three equals seven. When the number bond looks like this, read it this way!

Fact Family Photos

A fact family has three family members which are numbers. They can be arranged to make number sentences. These three numbers are related. Help your child see number sentences when they look at a number bond. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EZzrfuAomn8

Let’s use this number bond to write four different, but related, number sentences.

How to Solve a Story Problem

Your child came home from school today and insisted, “No! You have to do RDWW!” How do you even respond to that?! Not to worry! This will help. RDWW is a memory tool used by elementary teachers to help children solve story problems, or word problems.

Here is a first grade example: First, we read.

Mental Math: Make 10

Here’s a math problem: six plus eight. Your child will learn many mental math strategies to solve this, instead of memorizing. Here’s one strategy: You can break apart a number to make a ten. When you make a 10, you break apart one number to make a 10 with the other number. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ftST1Uzcpr4

Use your Magic Math Fingers!