The capital city’s name, Ulaanbaatar, meaning “Red Hero,” was adopted in 1924 to mark the beginning of Mongolia’s Soviet-style communist era. The city was designed to accommodate 600,000 people. The current population is more than twice that, and it shows — in the traffic and in the air.

The capital city’s name, Ulaanbaatar, meaning “Red Hero,” was adopted in 1924 to mark the beginning of Mongolia’s Soviet-style communist era. The city was designed to accommodate 600,000 people. The current population is more than twice that, and it shows — in the traffic and in the ai